A Journey through the Many Faces of Rome, Italy
Rome is the most populous municipality in Italy and the third most populous city in the European Union in terms of population density, with 2,860,009 inhabitants on 1,285 km2.
It is situated in central-western Italy, within the Lazio region, on the banks of the Tiber. Vatican City is a sovereign nation within the boundaries of Rome. Due to its geographic location, the city is often referred to as the City of Seven Hills and the “Eternal City.” It is regarded as the “cradle of Western civilization and Christian culture” and the heart of the Catholic Church. Rome ranked fourteenth in the world with 8.6 million tourists in 2019, making it the most popular tourist destination in Italy and the third most visited in the European Union. UNESCO has designated its historic core as a World Heritage Site.
Rome’s history spans 28 centuries. BC In approximately 753 B.C., the city’s foundation is based on Roman mythology. The city’s original inhabitants were a mixture of Latin, Etruscan, and Sabine races. Eventually, the city served as the capital of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic, and the Roman Empire. Many consider it the first imperial city and capital.
Rome gradually came under the papacy’s political control following the Western Empire’s fall, marking the Middle Age’s beginning. In this manner, it became one of the foremost Renaissance centers. The city became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy in 1871, which became the Republic of Italy in 1946.
Getting to Rome
Rome is home to three different airports. Italy’s primary airport, Leonardo da Vinci Intercontinental, is in the Fiumicino neighbourhood. Ancient Rome’s Ciampino Airport serves both civilians and the armed forces. People often call it “Ciampino Airport” because it is near Ciampino. The third airport is Roma-Urbe Airport. It is a small, less busy airport about 6 km north of the city center. Most helicopter and private flights land and take off from this airport.
The weather in Rome is Mediterranean. Summers are hot and dry, and winters are mild and damp. Its average daytime temperature is over 21°C, and its average nighttime temperature is 9°C. In January, the coldest month, the average daytime temperature is 12.6 °C, and the average nighttime temperature is 2.1 °C. In August, the hottest month, the average daytime temperature is 31.7 °C, and the average nighttime temperature is 17.3 °C.
December, January and February are the coldest months, with daily average temperatures of approximately 8 °C. Temperatures during these months are usually between 10 and 15 °C during the day and between 3 and 5 °C at night, with cold or hot weather being frequent. Light snow or flurries occur in some winters, usually without accumulation, and snow can be rare, with major snowfalls on very rare occasions.
Rome Top Sights
East of the Roman Forum in the heart of Rome, Italy, is where you’ll find the Colosseum, an enormous, oval amphitheater. Though constructed centuries ago, this amphitheater still holds the record for the largest in the world. Travertine limestone, tuff, and brick-faced concrete were used to construct the Colosseum. These gladiators created and hunted imaginary beasts, executed real-life executions, reenacted historical battles for use in Roman-inspired plays and public spectacles, and even briefly parodied maritime conflicts.
Nicola Salvi, an Italian architect, was responsible for the design of the Trevi Fountain, located in Rome, Italy’s Trevi neighborhood, and dates back to the 18th century. It is the largest baroque fountain in the city and one of the most well-known in the world, standing at 26.3 meters and having a width of 49.15 meters. Several films, including Roman holiday, have featured the fountain.
The Vatican Museums are the Vatican City’s public museums. They show pieces from the huge collection that the Catholic Church and the Papacy have built up over the years. The museums have about 70,000 pieces, but only about 20,000 are on display. At the beginning of the 1600s, Pope Julius II set up the museums. The Sistine Chapel, with its ceiling and altar wall painted by Michelangelo, and the Stanza di Raffaello are on the way through the Vatican Museums.
St. Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Basilica is a church in Italy, built in the Renaissance style. It is in Vatican City, which is where the Pope lives. It was first planned by Pope Nicholas V and then by Pope Julius II to replace the old Saint Peter’s Basilica, which had been built by Constantine the Great in the fourth century. St. Peter’s is the most famous piece of Renaissance architecture and the largest church. It was mostly made by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno, and Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
It has been called “the greatest church in Christendom” and “the only place in Christendom of its kind.” Tradition in the Catholic Church says that St. Peter, the most important apostle of Jesus and the first bishop of Rome, is buried in the basilica.
The Roman Forum is a square in the city center, surrounded by the ruins of important government buildings from the past. The Forum was the hub of everyday life in Rome for hundreds of years. Place of victory parades, elections, public speeches, criminal trials, gladiator fights, and the center of business. Here, statues and monuments honor the city’s most important people. In the small valley between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, visitors come to see the pieces of architecture and the remains of archaeological excavations.
It is a church for Roman Catholics. The building is round and has a portico with big granite Corinthian columns. No one knows when it was built. The lobby is connected to the rotunda by a rectangular hallway. The rotunda is under a concrete dome with a hole in the middle that lets the sky in. Even though it was built almost 2,000 years ago, the Pantheon’s dome is still the world’s largest dome made of plain concrete. It is one of the Roman buildings that has survived the best. It was dedicated to Saint Mary and the Martyrs in the 7th century, but people just called it a church. “Santa Maria Rotonda”.
Piazza Navona is a public square in the Italian city centre. The year was AD. It was built in the first century AD on the site of the Stadium of Domitian and had the same shape as the stadium’s open space. The name “Circus Agonalis” comes from the Romans going there to see Agonus. It is thought that the name changed from Avone to Navone to Navona over time.
Galleria & Villa Borghese
Villa Borghese is the name of Rome’s largest and most beautiful garden. Since 1903, the Municipality of Rome has owned and used it as a public park. The “Galleria Borghese” is also in the park. It is a museum that shows Borghese’s large private art collection. Caravaggio, Rubens, Bernini, and Leonardo da Vinci are among the artists whose works are in the gallery.
Fun Facts about Rome
- The Pantheon is the only ancient building in pristine condition
- A heavenly light show takes place at the Pantheon on Rome’s birthday.
- It’s technically the capital of 2 countries
- Home to Italy’s first McDonald’s
- Rome has more fountains than any other city on the planet
- Romans prefer riding scooters over cars
- Cats have special rights
Rome City Details
Thias city was built on a hill that protected it and overlooked the last lower, high-banked river crossing that let a central river cross the Tiber. This hill called the Palatine Hill, is one of seven hills that the old city of Rome grew up around. The Capitoline, Quirinal, Viminal, Esquiline, Caelian, and Aventine are other hills in the city.
Population: 2.873 million (2017)
Area: 1,285 km2
Official language: Italian
Time Zones: UTC+1 (CET)
Italy dials Code: +39
Traveling Mobile Apps
A great app that gives you complete instructions from start to finish, such as “Wait for the bus, get off the bus, walk 2 blocks, then get the tram”, etc., with options) will provide options including local, regional and international trains, flights and more. It is truly a complete navigation system and the easiest to use on a website where you can see the entire map.
Getting around in Rome
How you get to Rome is one of the most important decisions you can make about your trip. The city is quite small that it is easy to walk around. But it’s not always possible to walk around the city because of the weather, trying too much in one day, having bad knees, having small children, etc. Here are the best ways to get around the city center with private and public transportation.
- city transport (bus, metro, tram)
- hop on / Hop off the bus
- private car hire
- Vespa / motorcycle
- Electric scooter sharing
- Golf cart
Rome makes it easier to parking than many other big cities in Italy and around the world. There are four colors show where you can park: blue, white, yellow, and pink.
- Blue – gets money.
- White – free
- Yellow – is for drivers who can’t see
- Rose – is for women who are pregnant or have new babies.
Things will go more smoothly if you know how to park in Rome.
Roman food comes from the city of Rome in Italy. It uses fresh ingredients from the Roman Campagna that are cooking and in season. Some of these are chickpeas, globe artichokes, fava beans, shellfish, lamb and goat fed milk, and cheeses like pecorino romano and ricotta.
Rome at night is one of the best party cities in Europe. It’s like a conveyor belt of controlled chaos, with rooftop bars, stylish clubs, dive bars, and everything else. You can drink just about anything here. You can enjoy many wonderful things.
Rome hotels (1–5*), B&Bs/Guesthouses, and self-catering apartments are the main types of places to stay in Rome. (Most hostels are in the B&B category.) If you are visiting the city for the first time, the Centro Storico is the best place to stay on both sides of the Tiber River in the middle of the Italian capital.
A 7-day trip costs an average of $1,121 for one person, $2,013 for a couple, and $3,774 for a family of four. Hotels in Rome cost between $74 and $388 per night, on average $111, while most vacation rentals cost between $210 and $490 per night for the whole house.
Everything you see and touch in Rome tells a story of victory, defeat, and triumph; a story of pain and triumph. Every culture has cultural landscapes, but we’re often too busy to stop and think about what they mean.
What was Rome famous for?
The ancient Romans were known for their military, political, and social systems. They took over large parts of Europe and northern Africa, built roads and aqueducts, and spread their language, Latin, all over the world.
Are 3 days in Rome enough?
3 days is a lovely amount of time to spend in Rome. While not enough to see ‘everything’, three days in Rome are sufficient to visit Rome’s most famous sites, taste Rome’s best food, and even relax in one of the city’s beautiful piazzas.
Is Rome in Italy or Italy in Rome?
Rome is a city and special comune in Italy. The special comune is called “Roma Capital.” Rome is the capital of Italy, and the Lazio region.
Is Rome in Italy or Greece?
Rome, Italian Roma, is an old city and the capital of the province of Roma, the region of Lazio, and the country of Italy. Rome is in the middle of the Italian peninsula on the Tiber River, about 24 kilometers inland from the Tyrrhenian Sea.
What is the best time of year to visit Rome?
April, May, June, September, October, and the beginning of November are the best times to visit Rome as a tourist. These months have the best of both the off-season and the peak season.
Is Rome expensive?
It can be very expensive, just like any other major European city, but you don’t have to be broke for life if you visit the “Eternal City.” There are many ways to save money and still see the city in style.
Is Rome a walkable city?
Certainly. In a short time. Walking in the city is like walking in a very busy open-air museum.
What should I wear in Rome?
There is no “dress code in Rome,” so if you plan to visit religious sites like the Vatican, please dress modestly. Shoulders and knees should be covered. But if you travel in the summer, you might not need to cover up because it is so hot. A light piece of clothing that covers your knees.
When was Rome founded?
Tradition has it that on April 21, 753 B.C.